New Testament apocrypha
Apocrypha - (from secular non Jewish/Christian web source)
"Jewish writings from the 2nd Temple Period which were excluded from the Tanakh;
these are known as the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha." @ Jewish Holy Scriptures: Table of Contents
The 'New Testament' Apocrypha are generally NOT accepted by Christians, though the Ethiopian Orthodox Church recognizes the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, & several Old Testament books.
Lake (as summarized by Kenneth Copeland in
John G Lake www.kcm.org ) brings our
attention in chapter 41 Development of Christian Consciousness to the New
Testament apocrypha's book of Nicodemus (also called the "Acts of
Pilate") which contends that just prior to Jesus' crucifixion, Satan and
Beelzebub (Regions of Death keeper) argue about their ability to keep Jesus in
hell/the underworld, due to the fact that Jesus had just raised Lazarus.
Lake continues to encourage us that nothing can hold Jesus back from defeating any enemy in our lives.
(Do NOT allow the enemy to steal our health or mental wellbeing with his lies. Resist and he will flee! Not only that, the enemy is already defeated. Our monster is toothless. Wake up. Fight back. Use the name and power of Jesus Christ. Blessings.)
Books of the Bible
"With 1 exception, all of these (Deutero-canonical) books are considered 'Old Testament'.
The apocryphal New Testament 'Letter of Paul to the Laodiceans', was once incorporated in many versions of the Bible.
However Laodiceans is now considered just a pastiche of other Epistles, and is (often) omitted from contemporary Bibles."
1st Maccabees (Catholic) -
1 Maccabees - Chapter 1 -
Bible - Catholic Online
1st Maccabees (Catholic) -
http://www.sacredbible.org/catholic/OT-45_1-Maccabees.htm Public Domain
1st Maccabees (Catholic) - 1st Book of Maccabees from http://jeremiah111.org/?page_id=219
2nd Maccabees (Catholic) - 2 Maccabees from http://www.catholic.org/bible/
2nd Maccabees (Catholic) -
http://www.sacredbible.org/catholic/OT-46_2-Maccabees.htm Public Domain
2nd Maccabees (Catholic) -
2nd Book of Maccabees from http://jeremiah111.org/?page_id=219
Regarding Maccabees omission from non-Catholic Bibles: https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20081107112706AA32yQ3
"Originally, there was no Bible. The books existed individually, but were not compiled into one giant book. For over 300 years it was this way, and as squabbles over exactly what should be considered scripture and what shouldn't increased, the Church sat down in a few early councils and decided exactly what should and should not belong. Believe it or not, but if you dig around enough, you can find translations of documents written during these councils, complete with a list of 73 books considered valid scripture. Note that it was an inclusive list made, not an exclusive one, which means that more could potentially be added later, but none could be removed. (the Orthodox church has done just that, too - added a few books since then).
For another 1,200 years, these 73 books were considered scripture (except in 10xx, where the Great schism occurred. This is about where the (Greek/Russian) Orthodox decided more books belonged (I think). About then, there became increasing dissent on exactly what belonged in the bible. Martin Luther wanted not just the 7 books called 'deutero-canon' (or apocrypha to people who don't consider it scripture) removed, but also Daniel and Revelation. Somewhere in there, the (Roman Catholic) Church held another council where it officially declared and settled the matter on what belonged in the bible and what didn't. The (Roman Catholic) Church tends to avoid officially settling an issue unless there is increasing dissent on it. But in this case, there was, and so they made the 73 books officially official. (though remember, they were accepted just fine until this point) This occurred at the council of Trent (I think), which is an argument point for people who don't like those 7 extra books. They seem to think that since it was officially declared then, that the books were only added then. but like I said, find an ancient transcript of some of the 1st (Roman Catholic Church) councils, and those books are included.
For a time afterward even, those 7 books were still included in the Bible - even Protestant ones - in a separate section labeled 'apocrypha'. Even the 1611 King James versions included it. Only in the last couple of centuries were those books left out entirely."
New Testament Scripture
(not inspired by the Holy Spirit)
(mostly Gnostic versions)
Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Mary, Gospel of
Truth, Secret Book of John,
2nd Discourse of Great Seth, Gospel of Judas www.ngm.com/gospel
Also see 5/2006 The Judas Gospel editorial - www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine
Gnostic scripture/teachings/cults were popular in 180 AD when Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon, wrote the treatise called Against Heresies. Gnostics often taught an inferior God and an inferior human body, which/who could become equal to the spirit/mind/soul of Christ by obtaining a divine spark directly from God, without needing a priest to intercede for him. Mystics could obtain this superior divinity, until the Gnostic books became outlawed by the church. The Ebionites contended that Christians should obey all Jewish religious laws, whereas the Christian Marcionites rejected Jewish religious traditions/laws. Some groups said Jesus was 100% divine, while other groups contended that Jesus was 100% human.
It is rumored that the Carpocratians endorsed ritual spouse swapping. (Note: Satan will do anything to pollute the Word of God.)
The Didache, or Teaching of the
This revision into modern English is based on the translation of J.B. Lightfoot, which can be accessed at the Index by clicking on 'Seraphim's Recommended Websites,' then 'The Church Fathers.' - The Didache (from a Greek word related to "doctrine," "didactic," etc.), which was revised over time into varying forms at various places, seems to have been a sort of church manual for primitive Christians, probably in rural areas dependent mostly on itinerant ministers. The only known complete Didache in Greek is the Codex Hierosolymitanus, which was first published by Bryennios in 1883. The Greek Oxyrhynchus Papyrus No. 1782, dating from the late 4th century, contained fragments of a codex that preserved Didache 1:3b-4a and 2:7b to 3:2a in slightly variant and expanded form. A Coptic fragment from the fifth century contains Didache 10:3b through 12:1b,2a, and appends a prayer for oil at 10:8. A 19th-century manuscript preserved at Constantinople contains a complete Georgian version of the Didache, the translation of which may be as early as the 5th century. It lacks Didache 1:5-6 and 13:5-7. The title includes the words 'written in the year 90 or 100 after the Lord Christ.' Although never published, readings were made available in 1931. The Greek 'Apostolic Constitutions' has many references to the Didache, re-worked with additional Scriptures and other traditions, as does the Ethiopic 'Ecclesiastical Canons of the Apostles.' Arabic versions both add and subtract from the Didache." (Good read of spiritual bylaws of Messianic forefathers in this editorial.)
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