‘Atypical’ Diabetes Symptoms on the Rise: 5 Red Flags (theepochtimes.com)
Beta cells in type 2 diabetes: Science explained (medicalnewstoday.com) + 5/12/2020 @
Pancreatic β-cells in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: different pathways to failure - PubMed (nih.gov)
The Endocrine Pancreas | Anatomy and Physiology II (lumenlearning.com)

Alternative Medicine

A2 milk - Keith Woodford's Book
@ https://silverma.startlogic.com/A1A2MilkResearch/DevilintheMilk.pdf - Read Chapter #1 -
Removal of regular A1 milk/cheese & replacing with A2 milk/cheese may help both diabetes & heart disease. 
Especially important regarding infant formula.  A2 milk includes goat & Jersey cow. 
Organic raw is best choice.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine may help diabetic neuropathy. 
Diabetes Care
suggests that it decreases neuropathic pain & increases sensation.
It may slow nerve tissue degeneration or increase nerve regeneration.
A high dose may be effective for relieving pain symptoms.  www.naturaldatabase.com
Alpha Lipoic Acid cassette 010503-090 by Dr Burt Berkson at Nutritional Medicine Today 5/2001 -
300 mg Alpha Lipoic Acid with meals is recommended for blood circulation
by Ask the Pharmacist radio program  www.askrhp3.com
Amla (Indian Gooseberry) @ https://www.masteringdiabetes.org/amla-definitive-antioxidant/ - edited -
(In cited study) "
Using only 1 gram of amla (powder) per day was just as effective as Glimepiride (RX).
[In this article (regarding diabetes) we advocate the use of amla fruit & amla powder
(ground from the whole amla berry), & do NOT advocate consumption of amla juice or amla oil. 
Amla oil is commonly found in many hair care & skin care products & can improve skin & hair health when used externally.
Amla juice does not contain fiber, which accelerates the rate at which it is absorbed into our blood.]
Amla https://food.ndtv.com/health/10-wonderful-benefits-of-amla-powder-a-powerful-superfood-1654043 
8. Amla powder is good for diabetics  .
Amla contains chromium
which makes the body more responsive to insulin & regulates the blood glucose levels.
9. (Bitter) amla powder when taken with a teaspoon of honey acts as a great blood purifier.
You can also mix it with 
jaggery & have it daily.
Regular consumption of amla powder helps in increasing your haemoglobin naturally."
Amla @ https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21495900/ 2011
Alzheimer's disease may be Type 3 Diabetes is conclusion of Brown Medical School scientists. 
Recommendations include  avoidance of saturated fat, inclusion of omega-3-fatty acids, magnesium,
chromium, lipoic acid, cinnamon, carnosine
, & regular exercise. 12/2006 www.lef.org
Amla (gooseberry) @ https://www.masteringdiabetes.org/amla-definitive-antioxidant/
Amla @ https://himalayausa.com/collections/immunity/products/organic-amla caplet
Amylase Enzyme @ https://draxe.com/nutrition/amylase/- "By definition, it’s the primary starch-digesting
enzyme secreted in the body. To be more specific, it digests carbohydrates (polysaccharides) into smaller
disaccharide units, eventually converting them into monosaccharides, such as glucose.
Alpha-amylase (α-Amylase) is the major form of amylase found in humans & other mammals
& is mainly made by the pancreas & salivary glands,
but it’s also produced by small intestine mucosa, ovaries, placenta, liver & fallopian tubes. (
Amylase Enzyme @ https://www.cookinglight.com/eating-smart/nutrition-101/foods-high-in-digestive-enzymes -
Like bananas, mangos contain amylase, making it easier for our body to break down starches into smaller carb molecules & absorb them.
Ask the Doctor, Nutritional Supplements & Diabetes brochure by Decker Weiss suggests
Vanadyl Sulfate, Fenugreek, Chromium, Biotin, Selenium, Gymnema Sylvestre, Copper 
Avacado + Coconut Oil @ https://draxe.com/nutrition/avocado-oil/
Banaba leaf (not banana) may help control carbohydrate & sweet craving
+ help keep blood sugar & insulin levels regulated.  www.wellnessadvocate.com
Bee Products @ https://pureroyaljelly.com/Testimonials/tabid/2196/Default.aspx - 1/2023 -
I just want to let you know that after 1 month taking your Royal Jelly Capsules, I have been able to cut my insulin intake in nearly half... I have been an insulin dependent diatetic for about 10 years...
I am so glad to have run across your website.. Thanks so much.
From: J.C., La Pine, OR - 1/2023 -
Benfoti-amine [fat-soluble/altered vitamin B1 (thiamine)] may reduce diabetic nerve pain, macular degeneration & retinal disease per 2/2005 + 4/2008 Life Extension magazine.  www.lef.org
Benfotiamine, fat soluble form of vitamin B1, may help prevent diabetic complications by stimulating alternate glucose metabolism pathway. www.lifelinknet.com
Pharmaceutical grade benfotiamine is often added to a small dab of thiamine.
Berberine @ //jellyfish.news/berberine/ - 9/21/2022
Equal to metformin (Glucophage) per Dr. Jack Wolfson, cardiologist.
Berberine -By Jacob Schor -
https://www.naturalmedicinejournal.com/journal/2012-12/clinical-applications-berberine (edited)
"The chemical berberine is found in some plants widely used in botanical medical practice including:
Goldenseal (Hydr astis canadensis), Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium), Barberry (Berberis vulgaris), & Chinese Goldthread (Coptis chinensis).

2 other berberine-containing plants that are familiar to practitioners of Chinese medicine:
Phellodendron chinense & Phellodendron amurense...

Only a few chemicals are known to activate AMPK. Berberine is 1 of them.
Reports that berberine activates AMPK were 1st published in 2006.5
Resveratrol, salicylate & metformin (RX) also activate this chemical pathway6,7...

Berberine increases glucose uptake by muscle fibers independent of insulin levels.8
Berberine triggers AMPK activation & increases glycolysis, leading to decreased insulin resistance & decreased oxygen respiration.9
The same mechanism leads to a reduction in gluconeogenesis in the liver.10
AMPK activation also explains why berberine has an antiatherosclerotic effect in mice.11
The same mechanism is reported to underlie berberine’s antiobesity effects & favorable influence on weight loss12...

Berberine increases expression of insulin receptors & so reduces insulin resistance. 32,33
A 2009 study in China suggested that a synergistic action occurs when berberine is combined with metformin or 2,4-thiazolidinedione (THZ) (a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor [PPAR] activator used to treat diabetes)
& might
allow a reduction in the amount of these drugs required for treatment & reduce risk of toxicity 34...
(The vitamin supplement)
Berberine, like metformin, can help reduce side effect of weight gain triggered by antipsychotic medications30, 31...
A 2nd chemical pathway of interest when considering therapeutic applications of berberine to diabetes is the aldose reductase pathway...
In 2 separate articles published in 2008, Liu reported that berberine extracts protected or helped repair the kidneys of diabetic mice partly through aldose reductase inhibition.54,55 Berberine reduced oxidative stress in the kidneys.56 
Aldose reductase plays a role in diabetic cataract formation, & inhibition helps prevent cataract formation57...
A number of other chemical pathways have been delineated that underlie berberine’s antidiabetic actions.
Breastfeeding over an extended period may deter diabetes in both offspring & mother. 11/23/2005 www.wsj.com
Blueberry leaves have been found to help diabetics per Dr MT Abidoff in 1999 at Russian Ce
nter for Modern Medicine. 
Blueberries &/or young blueberry leaves may also help in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.
Burdock root may help eliminate the need for insulin per Thomas, Richard
in section 3 of The Essiac Report - Canada's Remarkable Unknown Cancer Remedy   
Cherries (sweet or tart) contain anthocyanins & help reduce inflammation, migraines & sugar levels in diabetics
Anthocyanins may increase insulin production by 50% to help control high glucose in blood. 
Anthocyanins are plant pigments responsible for color. 
Anthocyanins are found in red grapes, strawberries & blueberries.12/21/2004 Science Daily  www.familypharmacy.com
Cinnamon is good for reducing blood sugar per FC&A Medical Publishing editors of Eat and Heal
The Cure Conspiracy: Medical Myths, Alternative Therapies & Natural Remedies Even Your Doctor May Not Know
Cinnamon & American ginseng may help body use its own insulin. 
Nutritional diabetes is called insulin-resistant since body does not use enough existing insulin, making blood sugar rise.  In type-1 diabetes pancreas does not manufacture enough insulin.
Cinnamon's methyl-hydroxy chalcone polymer makes fat cells more responsive to insulin & reduce blood glucose. 
Daily add up to a teaspoon of cinnamon to beverages or cereal.
Panax quinquefolius
taken before or with meals may reduce blood sugar by a million %. 
Non diabetics should only take ginsing with food to avoid (low) hypoglycemia! 2nd Opinion -
Healing Report #6 Your Diabetes Management Health Manual Robert J Rowen MD 
1-800-728-2288 also see http://drclarkia.com/books/the_cure_for_all_diseases.html
Cinnamon  - Dr Rubin Jordan recommends 1 teaspoon cinnamon per day for Diabetes  
www.themakersdiet.com + http://gardenoflife.com
Cinnamon, witch hazel, green and black tea, followed by allspice improve glucose metabolism.
and lipoic acid may help improve insulin sensitivity.12/2005 www.lef.org
Cinnamon http://www.thyroid-info.com/articles/cinnamon.htm  -
In "a small 60 patient study conducted in Pakistan, reporting in the journal
Diabetes Care , all the patients had been treated for type 2, adult onset diabetes for several years and were taking anti-diabetic drugs to increase their insulin output. But they were not yet taking insulin to help process their blood glucose. The subjects were given small doses of cinnamon ranging from as little as 1/4 teaspoon to less than 2 teaspoons a day for 40 days.
The results: Not only did the cinnamon reduce their blood sugar levels & increase their natural production of insulin, it lowered their blood cholesterol as well.
Even 20 days after the cinnamon treatment had ended, the patients continued to see beneficial effects...
All the patients in the study showed better glucose metabolism & natural insulin production when they took cinnamon capsules that delivered less than 2 teaspoons a day of the spice.
Specifically, their blood cholesterol levels were lowered in the range of 10-26%, affecting overall cholesterol levels & reducing the LDL (known as the “bad” cholesterol) but not reducing levels of HDL, the “good” cholesterol...
Millions...suffer from insulin resistance, sometimes known as 'prediabetes,' or the 'Metabolic Syndrome.'
Lowering blood sugar levels, & improving cholesterol ratios can help reverse prediabetes & Metabolic Syndrome...
Addressing elevated blood sugar levels & helping to combat insulin resistance may be a successful factor in helping you lose weight.
The fat cells in your abdomen are particularly sensitive to high insulin levels, & are very effective at storing energy, far more so that fat cells you’d find in other areas such as the lower body (i.e. hips, rear end, thighs). 
Because abdominal fat cells are so close to your digestive organs. 
There is an extensive network of blood vessels circulating in the abdominal area. 
It’s even easier for fat cells to store excess glucose there...
If you are already taking a diabetes medication, you should talk to your physician before trying cinnamon for medicinal uses, because cinnamon may have an impact on your blood sugar."
Cinnamon - Dr Eric Braverman takes 2 teaspoons of (organic non irradiated) cinnamon with his yogurt each day. 
He recommends lots of spices  many colors of fresh fruits & vegetables daily.
Cinnamon is the main ingredient of the "Chinese 5 spice" seasoning found in many grocery stores. 
Other herbs included are fennel, licorice root, anise, ginger, chili pepper, allspice, & cloves. 
1 product (from India) is Madras curry powder a mixture of the following spices typically in order of %'s:
coriander seeds, fennel seeds, black pepper, garlic, ginger, fenugreek, cinnamon, cloves, anise, mustard, sodium. 
Try to locate an organic non irradiated brand.
Above species are excellent combinations to help keep 1 healthy, reduce supplement & med intake, & reduce expenditures.
Cinnamon http://www.ivf1.com/pcos-treatment-alternatives/
Cinnamon - Cinnamomum verum ("True cinnamon", Sri Lanka cinnamon or Ceylon cinnamon)
www.frontiercoop.com has a non-irradiated organic 'cinnamomum verum'. 
www.wholefoodsmarket.com sells a Sri Lanka organic product.  By law imports to USA need to be irradiated.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamon - It is generally recommended over other varieties.
Identification - http://www.ceylon-cinnamon.com/Identify-Cinnamon.htm -
Germany banned the import of Cassia or http://www.bfr.bund.de/cd/8492
Cinnamon - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ojIJ_zJ0Caw&feature=related - Suggested weekly:
blending 3 bananas, 2 lb vanilla yogurt with (approx 1 cup) ground cinnamon. (Organic recommended.)
Chromium may reduce blood sugar, elevate low blood sugar, decrease insulin dependence & weight + help build muscle. 
(Niacinamide, niacin or) vitamin B3 improves chromium's efficiency. 8/2004 Life Extension
7/2004 Life Extension suggests adding to diet - vitamin E, acetyl-l-carnitine & alpha-lipoic acid. 
www.lef.org  http://www.ivf1.com/pcos-treatment-alternatives/
Chromium "makes insulin more effective at the cellular level.
It's a component of glucose tolerance factor (GTF), which helps cells take up glucose & helps regulate blood-sugar levels.
Studies have found low levels of chromium in people with diabetes.
There are many promising studies suggesting chromium supplementation may be effective.
Best juice sources of chromium (in order of effectiveness): green pepper, parsnips, spinach, carrots, lettuce, string beans, & cabbage.  Copper deficiency may impair glucose tolerance.
Best juice sources of copper (in order of effectiveness): carrots, garlic, ginger root, & turnips" per Cherie Calbom -
The Juice Lady
newsletter=juiceladycherie.com@mail8.us2.mcsv.net (but beware of overdosing on copper, esp via supplements)
Chromium to help decrease hunger pangs - Dr Bob's Optimal Health Program - Sugar
2/12/2015 + 8/3/2018
Optimal Health – Sugar with Dr. Bob DeMaria
Coconut Oil + Lucuma Fruit @
DIABETES DESTROYER REVIEW – IS THIS THE BEST TYPE 2 DIABETES CURE? | eHealthyLifestyleDaily @  read the whole study of Dr. TaylorFat aournd pancreas &/or liver may contribute to diatetes 2.
Colbert, Don  Personal Health Improvement #2 (Reversing diabetes) 3/4/2008  
WATCH NOW @ http://www.bennyhinn.org/television/default.cfm or below Benny Hinn links -
Watch Dr. Colbert on 
This Is Your Day 
Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 @
http://www.bennyhinn.org/articles/articledesc.cfm?id=1816 or
Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 @ http://www.bennyhinn.org/articles/articledesc.cfm?id=1856
Coleus forskohlii herb boosts metabolism without stimulating central nervous system. 
It is useful to help lose weight and experience satiety sooner.  3/2004 www.deliciouslivingmag.com
CoQ10 may help reduce breakdown of fatty acids into keytone bodies leading to diabetic ketoacidosis & loss of consciousness. 
120 mg/day - 200 mg/day of CoQ10 may help maintain optimal blood sugar.8/2006 www.lef.org
Curcumin with Metformin - https://www.lifeextension.com/magazine/2019/7/in-the-news/page-01 @ https://www.lifeextension.com/magazine/2019/7 - A study published in Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy showed that curcumin (tumeric) can enhance the cardioprotective effect of metformin (inexpensife RX) in rats with type I diabetes.* 
For the study, diabetic rats received either 200 mg/day of metformin, 100 mg/day of curcumin, or a combination of both.
D-ribose may lower blood glucose (sugar) legels.  Take with food or beverage to avoid light-headedness. 
May need to reduce insulin.  5/2007 www.lef.org
Dobbyn, Sarah - The Fertility Diet - Diabetes Cured within 30 Days video
@ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZe-igIE4dI&feature=related
+ www.rawfor30days.com Dr Cousens, Gabriel
Emu oil for diabetic wounds http://aea-emu.org/node/94 @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=edpM9XawI-s
Flax seed, freshly ground + cottage cheese with live cultures are equal to or more important than insulin. 
, Dr Johanna  Flax Oil as a True Aid Against Arthritis, Heart Infarction, Cancer & Other Diseases
Budwig has been nominated 7 X for the Nobel prize!  www.applepublishing.com
Fox, W Shaffer recommends blueberry leaves in his book 100 & Healthy.
Young Caucasian blueberry leaves include acids which contribute to glucose reduction in the blood. 
Fructose (granular) is often made by splitting corn sucrose into simple sugars glucose & fructose & then isolating & purifying the fructose for use as table sugar. 
Beware, corn products may be genetically altered due to engineered or accidental cross pollination contamination. 
One needs about 60% less corn fructose than cane sugar to sweeten a product. www.bobsredmill.com
Fuhrman, Dr. Joel - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joel-fuhrman-md
Gary Null's Get Healthy Now  (page 617) on Vanadyl sulfate  www.sevenstories.com
Get The Sugar Out by Ann Louise Gittleman explains the glycemic index. www.annlouise.com
Gordon Reynolds MD in 2/2005 Life Extension recommends stevia (sweeter than sugar) or xylitol (which does not increase insulin + it feeds the good colon bacteria.) as a sweetener.  www.lef.org + www.nowfoods.com-
Gila Monster saliva's exendin-4 gut hormone WallStJournal PersonalHealth MarilynChase www.wsj.com 6/17/2003
Glutamine, glycine & lysine raise blood sugar levels per Erdmann's The Amino Revolution @ www.amazon.com
Green coffee bean extract is made from green beans of Coffee Arabica plant. Green Coffee Bean Extract has stronger antioxidant effect than...green tea & grape seed extract & is twice as effective in absorbing oxygen free radicals.
Also present are caffeic acids...naturally low in caffeine...Benefits of green coffee bean extract include:
A reduction in risk of diabetes, studies report a decrease of 30% in women & a decrease of over 50% in men;
Increased stamina; Regulation of metabolism by assisting the body’s ability to burn a higher proportion of lipids (fats) compared to carbohydrates; An increase in the effectiveness of pain killers, especially for migraine medications;
Increased weight loss

Goldilocks flower - http://www.israel21c.org/headlines/plant-discovery-offers-new-hope-for-diabetics/ -

"Ingesting an indigenous Israeli aromatic shrub called Chiliadenus iphionoides (commonly, 'sharp varthemia' or 'Goldilocks') could improve insulin secretion & glucose absorption in people with diabetes, according to plant biologist Jonathan Gorelick, scientific director of the Judea Regional Research & Development Center in Israel. 
The center’s efforts to isolate plant’s active compounds & to assure these compounds are present when plant is grown in the greenhouse rather than in the wild is topic of Gorelick’s presentation today at the 25th Judea & Samaria Research Studies Conference at Ariel University.  'This is a plant that only grows in Israel, Jordan & the Sinai & has been used traditionally by Bedouins for controlling diabetes,' Gorelick tells ISRAEL21c.
'I’ve been screening different Israeli plants for diabetes & this is 1 of the best candidates.' 
In a
study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology in October 2011, Gorelick & his team describe how they tested the effects of the plant on a particular Negev rodent with a nutritionally induced model of diabetes.
When the animals were given an oral glucose tolerance test, blood-glucose levels returned immediately to normal levels only in the ones that had been fed sharp varthemia before the test."

Guava @ https://well.org/healthy-body/medicinal-guava/ -
"According to Dr. Mercola, when compared to the same amount of pineapple, guava has 3 times more protein, 4 times more fiber, & almost 5 times more vitamin C. (1)

  It also has more potassium than bananas & 5 times more vitamin A than oranges! (1) 
When they’re ripe, they’re soft & sweet, yet they actually lower our blood glucose levels."

Gymnema sylvestra Indian herb (gurmar) may destroy sugar, help metabolize blood sugar, correct metabolic changes in liver, kidney & muscle, & reduce insulin or oral hypogylycemic drug requirements in 2 years by taking 400 mg per day.
2nd Opinion
- Healing Report # 6 Your Diabetes Management Health Manual Robert J Rowen MD  1-800-728-2288
Haiki Diet - https://www.diettalk.com/the-halki-diabetes-remedy-eric-whitfield-review/ 2/25/2019 -
Salad dressing ingredients:
Kohlrabi + Marjoram + Broccoli sprouts + bergamot oranges, berries, Grecian laurel leaves, Greek fruits, herbs, jujubes, & seeds.  Add salad oil + salad greens (well washed + organic). 
Recommendation: Take 2x/day
HCGConsider the use of Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin
@ http://www.thehcgdiet.com/pdf/pounds-and-inches-by-dr-a-t-w-simeons.pdf -
"In an obese patient suffering from a fairly advanced case of stable diabetes of many years duration in which the blood sugar may range from 3-400 mg%, it is often possible to stop all anti diabetes medication after the 1st few days of treatment.  The blood sugar continues to drop from day to day & often reaches normal values in 2-3 weeks.
As in pregnancy, this phenomenon is not observed ill the brittle type of diabetes, & as some cases that are predominantly stable may have a small brittle Factor in their clinical makeup, all obese diabetics have to he kept under a very careful & expert watch.
A brittle diabetes is primarily due to the inability of the pancreas to produce sufficient insulin, while in the stable type diencephalic regulations seem to he of greater importance. That is possibly the reason why the stable form responds so well to the HCG method of treating obesity, whereas the brittle type does not. Obese patients are generally suffering from the stable type, but a stable type may gradually change into a brittle 1, which is usually associated with a loss of weight.
Thus when an obese diabetic finds that he is losing weight without diet or treatment, he should at once have his diabetes expertly attended to. There is some evidence to suggest that the change from stable to brittle is more liable to occur in patients who are taking insulin for their stable diabetes."
Health News Volume3#8 on Rice Bran  info@successcenteronline.com ask for ONE newspaper Volume3#8
Hydrogen Peroxide IV  http://www.genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/watson-
proposes-offbeat-view-of-diabetes-oxidants-too-scarce-not-too-abundant/81249563/ - 2/28/2014
Icariin @ file:///C:/Users/cefal/Downloads/etm_16_3_2756_PDF.pdf for adult males.
Inositol https://www.theralogix.com/about-theralogix/balanced-living/inositol-benefits/
"There are 9 types of inositol (a B vitamin) occurring in nature. 
2 forms, myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol, have specific functions in our cells....
A certain ratio of these 2 forms seems to work better than either form alone. 
That ratio is 40-1, meaning 40 parts myo-inositol to 1 part D-chiro-inositol...
The recommended dose of myo-inositol for most people is 2,000 mg, the recommended dose of D-chiro-inositol is 50 mg, taken twice a day (total daily dose of 4,000 mg of myo-inositol plus 100 mg of D-chiro-inositol). 
It takes at least 3 months of consistent use to see inositol benefits...
Inositol works by helping the body use
Insulin a hormone made by the pancreas & released into the bloodstream. 
Insulin allows our cells to take in glucose (carbohydrates/sugar) & produce energy...
When (the pancreas') insulin binds to its receptor, it 'unlocks' & releases secondary messengers. 
These secondary messengers tell the cell it is time to take in glucose from the blood. 
Inositols function as secondary messengers.  This means that inositols are involved in insulin signaling. 
They help the cell take in glucose from the blood...resulting in less insulin resistance, lower blood sugar & (lower blood) insulin levels."  [2,000mg
myo-inositol (B8) + 50mg D-chiro-inositol, equals body's normal ratio: 40-1.]
Inositol - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inositol - "Inositol or cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol is a chemical compound with formula C6H12O6 or (-CHOH-)6, a six-fold alcohol (polyol) of cyclohexane. It exists in 9 possible stereoisomers, of which the most prominent form, widely occurring in nature, is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, or myo-inositol (former names meso-inositol or i-inositol).[2][3] Inositol is a sugar alcohol.
Its taste has been assayed at half the sweetness of table sugar (sucrose)...

-inositol (free of phosphate) was once considered a member of the vitamin B complex (formerly Vitamin B8). 
However, because it is produced by the human body from glucose, it is not an essential nutrient
In humans, most inositol is synthesized in the kidneys, in typical amounts of a few grams per day.[7]
Insulin biocapsule 8/20/2003 research news.+ 5/10/2004 Wall St Journal notes that eating triggers GLP-1 hormone spurring insulin & lowering blood sugar.  DP-4 enzyme breaks down GLP-1 to inactivate it. 
New drugs attempt to block DP-4 to allow insulin to remain in blood longer. 
www.cn8.tv/nitebeat - www.wsj.com - www.djreprints.com
JAMA recommends magnesium. 3/3/2004 - Suggested foods: wheat germ, almonds, shredded wheat,
pumpkin seeds, cashews, baked potato, soybeans, peanuts, bran, & baked beans.  www.jama.com
Kudzu May Lower Blood Sugar, Blood Pressure, Cholesterol
1 daily cup of  dry legumes (dried beans - black/fava/kidney/lima/pinto/white/soy beans, chick/cow peas, lentils, peas) or 7 1/2 oz canned baked beans may reduce blood sugar levels. 
Legumes may reduce insulin shots in Type 1 diabetes + may eliminate need for insulin oral medicine in Type 2 diabetes per University of Kentucky Dr James Anderson. Legumes may promote sodium excretion. 
To eliminate legume toxins and flatulence discard 1st rinse water + discard 4 hour soak water. 
James E O'Brien's mini magazine The Miracle of Nature's Healing Foods published by Glove Communications Corp.
Onions are hypoglycemic agents which help reduce blood sugar per James E O'Brien in mini magazine:
The Miracle of Nature's Healing Foods
published by Globe Communications Corp.
Pomegranate flowers from male plants may help with diabetes issues.  5/2010 www.lef.org

Royal Jelly @ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324152 - (Take in SMALL daily dosages:
-1/4 teaspoon to reduce becoming allergic to.  Raw local unfiltered royal jelly may contain honey & propolis.)

Rye grain may protect pancreas where insulin is made. New England Laborers' Health & Safety Fund
3/21/2002 Spotlight www.nelhsf.com
2nd Opinion - Healing Report # 6 Your Diabetes Management Health Manual Robert J Rowen MD -
therapy may reduce insulin requirements in adult onset diabetes.
is also recommended for the regulation of blood sugar & to stop food cravings.
It may help utilize carbohydrates and prevent starch from being stored as fat.  1-800-728-2288
Stop the Rollercoaster and Pumping Insulin  by Walsh & Roberts of Diabetes Mall  www.diabetesnet.com
Synsepalum dulcificum @
Complete purification & characterization of a taste-modifying protein, miraculin, from miracle fruit.
[J Biol Chem. 1988]
PMID: 3403544 + 3/30/2007 www.wsj.com 
, a glycoprotein from Synsepalum dulcificum provokes sweetness & blocks sourness, when consumed immediately prior to eating. 
Additionally, the taste-modifying protein, miraculin, has unusual property of modifying sour taste into sweet taste.
Purification and complete amino acid sequence of a new type of sweet protein taste-modifying activity, curculin.
[J Biol Chem. 1990] 
A complete amino acid sequence of a new type of sweet protein taste-modifying activity, curculin was determined. Curculin consists of 114 residues. Curculin itself elicits a sweet taste.
After curculin, water elicits a sweet taste, & sour substances induce a stronger sense of sweetness.
No protein with both sweet-tasting & taste-modifying activities has ever been found.
There are 5 sets of tripeptides common to miraculin (a taste-modifying protein), 6 sets of tripeptides common to thaumatin (a sweet protein) & 2 sets of tripeptides common to monellin (a sweet protein).
The primary structure and characterization of carbohydrate chains of the extracellular
glycoprotein proteinase inhibitor from latex of Carica papaya. [Eur J Biochem. 1996]    
A secretory proteinase inhibitor was isolated from the latex of green fruits of papaya (Carica papaya).
The protein exhibited stoichiometric inhibition of bovine trypsin & alpha-chymotrypsin by the same site or overlapping binding sites.
The complete covalent structure consisting of 184 amino acids & 2 disulfide bonds was determined by protein analysis...
The latex protein belongs to an extensively diverse plant protein family that includes inhibitors of serine, cysteine & aspartic proteases, a taste-modifying protein, wound responsive proteins, storage proteins, amylase inhibitors & even an oxidoreductase.
In this superfamily, the latex proteinase inhibitor is most similar to the curious protein, miraculin, which makes sour food taste sweet.  2 carbohydrate chains, each probably composed of:
(mannose)5, (xylose)1, (fucose)0-2, & (N-acetylglucosamine)2 residues, were attached to asparagine 84 & 90...
They may represent a new class of plant xylose-containing carbohydrate chains with 5 mannose residues.
Testosterone therapy may benefit both type-2 diabetes and retinopathy (which leads to blindness)     
2nd Opinion
- Healing Report # 6 Your Diabetes Management Health Manual Robert J Rowen MD  1-800-728-2288
Wright, J & Lenard, L  Maximize Your Vitality & Potency - for Men Over 40 www.smart-publications.com
Thaumatin, a sweet protein in katemfe, a Nigerian plant
@ 7/30/2018 https://www.israel21c.org/new-sweet-protein-holds-out-hope-for-diabetics/
A SYNTHETIC* now available (often mixed with other sweeteners).
Amai Proteins "take the DNA we’ve designed & put it in yeast where it grows,” Samish explains, 'It’s like brewing beer, but instead of making alcohol, our yeast makes a sweet protein.' The resulting powder is a pure protein.
That means Amai’s sweet proteins are not genetically-modified organisms, which some consumers shy away from consuming.
For a food to be considered a GMO, you’d have to be eating a modified version of the plant or the yeast itself.
“Our final product contains no remnants of the host organism’s DNA,” Samish says. “It’s protein powder only."

Thiamine - vitamin B1 - can help to decrease urine albumin, an excess of which indicates potential kidney disease in diabetic patients per Diabetologia 12/5/2008 & 3/2009 www.lef.org magazine. 
(Remember any single/individual vitamin B intake is best utilized as or with a B complex/multi-vitamin.)
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks & destroys insulin-producing pancreas cells
per 8/25/2004 Boston Herald.  www.bostonherald.com
Use Supplements chromium & vitamin B complex, Herbs fenugreek, blueberry & Chinese bitter melon, suggest J Guitinan, ND, Clinical Affairs Dean, Bastyr Center of Natural Health - Alternative Medicine Review Vol 2, #4 1997 recommends the B vitamins to prevent diabetes complications of neuropathy, nephro-pathy, retinopathy, microangiopathy, & cataracts:  thiamine (B1), cobalamin  (B12), riboflavin (B2), & nicotinamide (B3). - L
ow dosages of vitamin D may also help: (Consider daily sunshine &/or cod liver oil.)
Magnesium is of significant value.  It improves absorption of insulin. - Reginald B Cherry MD God's  Pathway to Healing-Vitamins & Supplements - www.alternativemedicine.com  9/03 www.drcherry.org 4/2011 www.lef.org
Moller, J & Einfleldt, H. Testosterone Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases  Testosterone replacement (&/or testicle replacement) in diabetic men (& soldiers during war) led to the complete healing of gangrene of the upper & lower extremities. 
Based on work pioneered by Danish Dr. Tvedegaard (based on work done by Danish Dr Thorkild Rovsing during WW1, German physicians before WW2, Berthold & his capons, + synthesis of testosterone in the 1930's) & later pioneered by Danish Dr. Jens Moller...
In 1930 Dr. Edward A Edwards (1939 New England Journal of Medicine) found that testosterone replacement improved circulation in men even to the extent of remediating gangrene. 
Per Wright, J & Lenard, L  Maximize Your Vitality & Potency - for Men Over 40  www.smart-publications.com
3 grams of mulberry leaf instead of the drug glibenclamide to stimulate pancreatic insulin secretion for type 2 diabetes helps lipid parameters (increases desirable HDL & decreases harmful LDL). 
Recommendation: 600-1000 mcg chromium polynicotinate, 3000-4000 mg CLA daily, + 1000-3000 mg blend of glucomannan, xanthan & alginate before each meal with 1-2 cups water. 9/2004  www.lef.org
Omega 3 flaxseed/salmon oil helps body use insulin per Khalsa MD in Food as Medicine  www.drdharma.com  
Raw Food is recommended http://www.diabeticsfightback.com/diabetesdiscoveries.htm - http://www.paulnison.com/
Seeds from evening primrose wildflower provide gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) (an essential fatty acid or oil) which may help diabetic neuropathy, PMS, fibrocystic breast pain, eczema, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, attention deficit disorder, ulcerative colitis, & rheumatoid arthritis.
GLA helps in the production of hormone like prostaglandins which decrease inflammation, stimulate hormone production, + help regulate blood clotting, blood pressure & PMS-related water retention.3/2004  www.deliciouslivingmag.com
Royal Jelly @ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324152#type-2-diabetes
Stevia (rebaudania),  Naturaae Gustusus (Dimorphandra Gardneriana Officinalis) & possibly Fava bean leaves are natural herbs used in powder form for sweeteners.  
Stevia has no calories, increases glucose tolerance & may block fat absorption.
1 teaspoon = 1 cup cane sugar.  Naturaae Gustusus has 0 sodium, protein & carbohydrates + taste = to cane sugar. 
www.organicseasons.com/healthy-tips.htm + www.amazon-treasures.com/fdembe.html
Stopping Diabetes in Its Tracks - Reader's Digest recommend paying close attention to the Glycemic Index or GI
Stevia - https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/modern-foods/sugar-free-blues-everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-artificial-sweeteners/ - "Stevia leaves & stevioside are virtually calorie-free, beneficial in the prevention of cavities & do not trigger a rise in blood sugar. They are not only safe for diabetics & hypoglycemics, but in some countries stevia leaves are even prescribed as a medicinal substance for these conditions because they normalize pancreatic function & thus aid in the metabolism of sugar.121.
The whole stevia leaves contain a number of beneficial compounds, including ascorbic acid, calcium, beta-carotene, chromium, cobalt, iron, magnesium, manganese, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, riboflavin, selenium, silicon, sodium, thiamin, tin & zinc.122    It should be noted that only the whole (raw) stevia leaves have nutritive benefits.
Stevioside extracts merely function as a sweetener & pass through the body undigested, although they do possess antiviral & antibacterial properties.123  When applied topically, stevia leaves also fight acne & speed wound healing while also reducing formation of scar tissue.124

Stevia - https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/modern-foods/sugar-free-blues-everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-artificial-sweeteners/#stevia There are currently a number of outlets through which 1 may acquire stevia. 
www.holisticmed.com/sweet/sweet.txt They vary quite a bit in taste & quality.
This author’s personal favorite stevia products are available @
Wisdom Natural Brands @ www.wisdomherbs.com .
For more information on stevia, reader is advised to read book
The Stevia Story: A Tale of Incredible Sweetness & Intrigue, by Bill & Linda Bonvie & Donna Gates. (Also see: www.starawest-botanicals.com
Sugar choices - http://www.madhavasweeteners.com/media/1739/madhava_natural_sweeteners_press_kit_expo_east_2011_final.pdf
Minimally refined, "organic 'Coconut' Sugar has a nutritional content that is richer than sugar beets or cane sugar, & has naturally occurring nutrients, including magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, B vitamins & amino acids (including glutamine)...
Honey comes from flower nectar (which bees gather to produce honey).
Maple syrup
comes from maple tree sap. 
nectar comes from the agave plant...
Coconut sugar comes from the nectar of the coconut palm tree blossom, or bud...
Madhava 'Organic' Coconut Sugar is also vegan & kosher certified & is GMO-free...
1 serving of coconut sugar is 1 teaspoon (4 grams) & the calorie level is 15 kcals per serving,
which is also similar to table sugar." (Majority of store products are NOT organic. Read label.)
Sun-chokes may stimulate insulin action.
, Joan & Lydia  Bottom Line's Secret Food Cures & Doctor Approved Folk Remedies 
(If one does not like to eat separately, he can cook, mash & eat separately or add to mashed potatoes or carrots.)
Szent-Gyorgyi, Albert (Budapest, Hungary 1893-1986) from citrus fruits isolated heuronic acid (vitamin c) & later from Hungarian paprika (vitamin c renamed a-scorbic acid) since it prevented scorbutus (scurvy). 
Later he discovered that isolated vitamin c would not work without it's co-factors/messengers
[vitamin P (bioflavonoids & isoflavonoids needed to transport the c to body's receptor sites).] 
He found that his product would also help speed recovery of purple skin patches due to bleeding, a diabetes benefit.
The Vitamin Code   http://www.nutritionfreebies.com/Vitamin_Code_Book.html 
Vinegar - 2 tablespoons vinegar before a carbohydrate meal may reduce diabetic blood glucose by 50%, non diabetic blood glucose by 25% & pre diabetics inbetween. (Try vinaigrette dressing on an appetizer salad, a sour pickle, or sauerkraut.) 1/1/2005 Science News  www.mercola.com - www.familypharmacy.com - http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/full/27/1/281
The Adventist Magazine - http://sda.biggytv.com/watch/lifestyle_magazine_2012_a_complaint_free_world/lifestyle_magazine/
Vitamin B complex
Vitamin E can be prescribed to help with varicose veins, phlebitis & Buerger's disease (gangrene/ potential loss of limbs). 
Vitamin E helps to prevent the destruction of vitamin A helpful in fighting infection & eye problems. 
(Vitamin E can thin the blood, so use food such as wheat germ oil rather than supplements when on blood thinning medications.)
Burtis, C. Edward  Nature's Miracle Medicine Chest  Arco publishing
Vitamins helpful & harmful for diabetics per Alternative Medicine Review vol 2, #4 1997 & Thorne Research Inc 2001 with special attention to prenatal diet & diabetes prevention in subsequent generations
Vitamin K may help protect males against diabetes 2 by reducing insulin resistance. 
Vitamin K is found in kale, spinach, & collard greens. 3/1/2009 Bottom Line periodical www.bottomlinesecrets.com 
Vitamin K is a blood clotter, so AVOID if on blood thinning meds [or with MD supervision coordinate medicine increase with vitamin K supplementation].  One may want to consider a K complex [K1+K2 (MKe)+K2 (MK7)] www.lef.org
Vitamin K1 if found chiefly in alfalfa leaves, whereas vitamin K2 is found chiefly in fish meal per Webster's dictionary.
Vitex http://www.ivf1.com/pcos-treatment-alternatives/

Whey 1/2 hr before meals per "research published in July (2014) in the journal Diabetologia of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes...Eating protein stimulates GLP-1, a hormone in the gut, to produce insulin...
GLP-1 should be able to help the body control blood sugar after eating a meal...
Those who drank the whey mixture before the meal had protection from the high-glucose meal.
Blood-glucose levels were reduced by a whopping 28% compared to those who did not drink the whey...

Both insulin & C-peptide, which is part of insulin, were both higher, some 105% & 43%, respectively, in the whey protein group.   Also, an early insulin response was noted to be 96% higher among those who ingested the whey.
This response is significant in terms of a diabetic’s ability to deal with a post-meal increase in blood sugar."
@ http://www.israel21c.org/headlines/whey-good-news-for-diabetics/ 8/27/2014  (Alert: Should be from A2 milk.)

"White mulberry is a shrub with a white or pinkish fruit that is similar to a blackberry.
But it is the leaf of white mulberry that might be beneficial for (type 2) diabetes.
White mulberry leaf
extract inhibits alpha-glucosidase enzymes in the gut, which prevents digestion of carbohydrates.
This is similar to the mechanism of the prescription diabetes medications." Natural Medicines 2009
Xylitol, a natural sweetener (occurring in strawberries, pears, plums,or birchwood trees) contains 2.4 calories per gram, does not spike insulin, has no unpleasant after-taste + seems to increase bone & teeth density by sensitizing vitamin D receptors, according to David G Williams MD & others.
(Beware, many USA strawberries are radiated to preserve them.) 1-800-843-8408 @ www.nowfoods.com

Yacon - http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/yacon-healthy-syrup-or-modern-hype/ 10/5/2015 -
"In addition to a low glycemic index,
yacon has a lower caloric content than other sugars...due to the special type of sweet tasting, low molecular weight carbohydrate called fructooligo-saccharides (FOS)...Yacon has the highest concentration of FOS of any plant on the planet, up to 50%...Prebiotics are not alive like probiotics are.  
Prebiotics like FOS are a functional food, whereas probiotics are living organisms."

Conventional Medicine
Metformin - https://www.timesofisrael.com/only-as-old-as-your-genes-ashkenazi-super-agers-could-
hold-key-to-long-life/?utm_source=The+Daily+Edition&utm_campaign=daily-edition-2020-09-19 -
"In recent years, Barzilai has become intrigued by a drug called metformin that he is examining for possible protective effects against age-related disease. It is currently used to treat Type 2 diabetes.
More recently, it has been tried against COVID-19. Earlier this year, a paper published in China reported less mortality among diabetic COVID-19 patients taking metformin than among those not taking metformin."
Metformin may be bad for you says Gregory Johnson @ https://glucoshieldpro.com/video.php?hop=copyrights
Metformin @ https://nutritionandhealing.com/2014/03/10/new-evidence-underlines/ -
Seems there is potential danger of kidney problems with high or long dosage. 
When in doubt, don't take or reduce dosage.


Forks Over Knives movie - http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1567233/ -
90 minute Documentary - Recommends changing to a plant based diet.
Also http://sda.biggytv.com/watch/lifestyle_magazine_2013_living_with_diabetes/lifestyle_magazine/

Medical Research

Atypical’ Diabetes Symptoms on the Rise: 5 Red Flags (theepochtimes.com) 5/24/2022

Cholesterol lowering drugs http://www.theepochtimes.com/
n2/health/which-do-you-prefer-heart-attack-or-diabetes-191774.html -
"CLDs are linked to the development of diabetes."

Classen, Dr Bart - http://www.hopedance.org/other-news/3257-intro-to-judys-book-by-robnert-kennedy-jr excerpt -
"FDA used the same playbook in 2002 to isolate, silence & drive from government service its star epidemiologist, Dr. Bart Classen, when his massive epidemiologic studies, the largest ever performed, linked Hib vaccines to the juvenile diabetes epidemic. FDA ordered Dr. Classen to refrain from publishing the government-funded studies, forbade him from talking publicly about the alarming outbreak, & eventually forced him out of government service."
Colbert, Don - http://www.bennyhinn.org/television/watchprograms/
celebrating-25-years-with-dr-don-colbert/?prg=10/05/2012 - Cinnamon and/or coffee/cocoa after carbohydrate intake help reduce insulin resistance.  REDUCE one's sugar intake.  REDUCE belly fat. 
Live/fresh/raw food/fruit/juice is always OK, especially organic.) 
A-Lipoic acid (600 mg/day) + chromium supplements are recommended.
Walking is important.  One can reverse type 1 & sometimes type 2 through diet & exercise.
Electronic therapy - FDA Approves Shock Wave Device to Treat Diabetic Foot Ulcers 12/28/2017 -
The US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the 1st shock wave device (Dermapace System) intended to treat diabetic foot ulcers.
“Diabetes is the leading cause of lower limb amputations,” said Binita Ashar, MD, FDA’s Center for Devices.

Enzyme test - 2017 - https://www.israel21c.org/super-enzyme-checks-glucose-better-for-diabetics/
Flavin–Adenine Dinucleotide Glucose Dehydrogenase Fused to a Minimal Cytochrome C Domain -

Exchange of food calories plan according to Mayo clinic

Fasting @ How To Regenerate Pancreas Beta Cells Naturally | DiabetesTalk.Net + Intermittent fasting: The good things it did to my body - BBC News + Can You Regenerate Beta Cells Naturally for Type 1 Diabetes? (masteringdiabetes.org)

Gut Microbiome could help the early detection of Type 2 diabetes. but also could be way to treat/reduce/reverse. 4/8/2021

Mark Hyman - http://www.charlierose.com/view/interview/12246 - 3/19/2012 -
Major cause of diabetes is industrial sugar. 
Lifestyle, Books, Science & Health - http://drhyman.com/downloads/bsschapter1.pdf
Insulin - Groundbreaking insulin pill nearing market
Inhalable Insulin @
http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-04-10/news/0904090793_1_inhalable-chocolate-deep-dish-pizza or
Metformin http://www.drmicozzi.com/insiders-cures-subscribers/truth-about-metformin
"Originally, metformin was known under the trade name Glucophage...
As a drug it was actually 1st synthesized in the 1920’s...quickly overshadowed by the Nobel prize-winning discovery of the role of insulin in the treatment of diabetes...
This drug actually stems from a flowering plant called Galega officinalis, more commonly known as French lilac or goat’s rue.
The active ingredient is a
chemical biguanide known as Galegine, after the botanical name of the plant. 
As an herbal extract, Galegine was used traditionally to treat people with polyuria (excessive urination due to excess sugar in the urine) & sweet odor on the breath. Today, we recognize these as 2 leading symptoms of untreated diabetes. 
References date as far back as ancient Egypt & it was in common use in Medieval Europe.
The herbal treatment was featured in an English medical treatise by Culpepper in the 17th  century.
It was studied at the University of Edinburgh, a leading medical center of the 18th century from which the 1st medical school in America was established in 1765.

It has also been used in Asia to treat influenza & is said to have antibiotic, antiviral, antimalarial, & antipyretic (fever) activities...
Prolonged use of metformin can cause a deficiency in vitamin B12. Especially in those suffering from peripheral neuropathy...
Look for a vitamin B complex that contains 100 mg each of vitamins B1 (as thiamine), B2 (as riboflavin), B3 (as niacinamide), B5 (as pantethene), 100 mg B6 (as pyridoxine) & 1,000 mcg of B12 (as cyanocobalamine)."

RECOMMENDED daily vitamins/herbs: Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA): 300 mg + (especially) Berberine: 400-500 mg,
(Ceylon) Cinnamon: 1 gram (food quantity) + Coenzyme Q10: 150 mg (preferably non GMO, organic in vegetarian capsule)
Metformin @ https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/15/magazine/warburg-effect-an-old-idea-revived-starve-cancer-to-death.html -
The (fairly safe + inexpensive) metabolic “drug, metformin, is already widely prescribed to decrease the glucose in the blood of diabetics (76.9 million metformin prescriptions were filled in the United States in 2014)In the years ahead, it’s likely to be used to treat or at least to prevent some cancers. Because metformin can influence a number of metabolic pathways, the precise mechanism by which it achieves its anticancer effects remains a source of debate. But the results of numerous epidemiological studies have been striking.
Diabetics taking metformin seem to be significantly less likely to develop cancer than diabetics who don’t & significantly less likely to die from the disease when they do…
Near the end of his life, Dr. Otto Warburg grew obsessed with his diet. He believed that most cancer was preventable & thought that chemicals added to food & used in agriculture could cause tumors by interfering with respiration.
He stopped eating bread unless it was baked in his own home.
He would drink milk only if it came from a special herd of cows & used a centrifuge at his lab to make his cream & butter…
The insulin hypothesis can be traced to the research of Lewis Cantley, the director of the Meyer Cancer Center at Weill Cornell Medical College.
In the 1980s, Cantley discovered how insulin, which is released by the pancreas & tells cells to take up glucose, influences what happens inside a cell. Cantley now refers to insulin & a closely related hormone, IGF-1 (insulinlike growth factor 1), as “the champion” activators of metabolic proteins linked to cancer.
He’s beginning to see evidence, he says, that in some cases, 'it really is insulin itself that’s getting the tumor started.'
1 way to think about the Warburg effect, says Cantley, is as the insulin, or IGF-1, signaling pathway “gone awry. 
It’s cells behaving as though insulin were telling it to take up glucose all the time & to grow.”
Cantley, who avoids eating sugar as much as he can, is currently studying the effects of diet on mice that have the mutations that are commonly found in colorectal & other cancers.
He says that the effects of a sugary diet on colorectal, breast & other cancer models 'looks very impressive' & 'rather scary.' 
Elevated insulin is also strongly associated with obesity…
Watson takes metformin for cancer prevention; among its many effects, metformin works to lower insulin levels” 5/12/2016
Adverse side effects @ Metformin vs. Metoprolol tartrate - eHealthMe (Click link & then scroll down to bottom.)
NPR 12/5/2014 You Are ‘When’ You Eat
Oral insulin, by Israeli mom-son team, starts final trials to become world's 1st | The Times of Israel -
Stem Cells @ Potential target for Type 1 diabetes treatment: A new pathway to the regeneration of insulin in pancreatic stem cells could mean a major breakthrough toward new therapies for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes -- ScienceDaily
7/22/2022 + Potential target for treatment among patients with type 2 diabetes -- ScienceDaily 8/4/2022
@ Nature Communications in July.
Type 1 Diabetes @ https://news.vumc.org/2019/08/22/discovery-may-point-to-better-treatments-for-type-1-diabetes/ -
Develop an oral insulin with a protective coating that prevents it from being degraded in the stomach & intestines until it can reach the liver.
Type 1 Diabetes @ https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/news/type-1-diabetes-reversed-in-lab-experiment/ 3/26/2021
The University of Utah Health scientists found that giving mice a single dose of a human antibody that suppress the actions of glucagon, a hormone involved in glucose regulation, led to an incredible transformation in the pancreas.
It suppressed the symptoms of diabetes & increased insulin cell mass
by 7 times

Spiritual Healing

Meet Solanus Casey: Spiritual Counselor and Wonder Worker Brother Leo Wollenweber tells of a child being healed of diabetes.
Father Solanus was ordained to serve as a "simplex" priest & not permitted to preach doctrinal sermons nor hear confessions. - www.amazon.com
Hunter's You Can Do It Too  pg 105, 142  www.cfhuntr.org -
Schambach, RW - 1/26/2008 TV east coast USA broadcast with Donna sharing God's growing out (over 1 year) of a woman's amputated foot due to Diabetes complications.  http://www.schambach.org/  
(Need to contact ministry for copy.)  (Good inspiration: http://www.schambach.org/SM/WATCH/RADIO.ASPX )


Carlos A. Oliveira - 4/21/2016 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyVRLKUFWiM -
Healy thyself via diet &/or deliverance prayer.  (Expired ad at end.)

Cautions - DANGER

Artificial sweetener Aspartamine [NutraSweet, Spoonfulls, or (blue packaged) Equal] is DANGEROUS [as well as (yellow packaged) sucralose/Splenda & (pink packaged) Sweet-n-Low (saccharin)*] & is often found in diet sodas.  50% of aspartame is phenylalanine, an amino acid. 
Too much in the brain causes serotonin to drop, leading to depression, craving for carbohydrates & brain tumors. 
40% of aspartame is aspartic acid, an amino acid, that when NOT bound to protein causes an increase in aspartate, which may contribute to epilepsy, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, & fetus damage.  Same may apply to glutamate. 
10% of aspartame is methanol (wood alcohol) which converts to formaldehyde, which can damage the retina, optic nerve, DNA replication & the fetus.
Also see 11/2003 Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients  - www.mercola.com - www.dorway.com/betty/ms.txt - www.dorway.com/barua/html - www.dorway.co/peerrev.html
Artifical Sweeteners
@ https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/modern-foods/sugar-free-blues-everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-artificial-sweeteners/ 
Artificial Sweeteners Linked to Cancer, Study Shows​​​​​​ 3/30/2022
Aspartame as a sweetner (sugar substitute) in diet foods & beverages may cause memory loss, confusion & vision loss in diabetics per Meiser & Anderson in Over-coming Senior Moments  www.amazon.com
Aspartame - U.S. dairy industry petitions FDA to approve aspartame as hidden, unlabeled additive in milk, yogurt, eggnog and cream - Natural is NOT "certified" organic - http://www.naturalnews.com/040605_mainstream_medicine_disease_prevention_history.html
USA dairy "industry is asking the FDA to alter the definition of 'milk' to secretly include chemical sweeteners such as aspartame & sucralose.
Consumers have always been kept in the dark about pink slime, meat glue, rBGH & GMOs in their food. 
If the IDFA gets its way, you'll be able to drink hormone-contaminated milk from an antibiotics-inundated cow fed genetically modified crops & producing milk containing hidden aspartame.
You won't have the right to know about any of this."
Aspartame - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-mercola/americas-deadliest-sweete_b_630549.html
Sold commercially under names like NutraSweet, Canderel & now AminoSweet, aspartame can be found in more than 6,000 foods, including soft drinks, chewing gum, table-top sweeteners, diet & diabetic foods, breakfast cereals, jams, sweets, vitamins, prescription & over-the-counter drugs." 
Aspartame toxicity is not well-known by doctors, despite its frequency.
Diagnosis is also hampered by the fact that it mimics, (contributes to or triggers) several other common health conditions, such as:


 Ahmed, Hauwa & Meller, Abbey - 8/30/2019 (anti-Trump) Insulin issues @
Avandia @ https://archive.org/details/podcast_dr-joseph-mercolas-natural-h_do-not-take-the-deadly-diabete_1000381542040 - - Diabetes RX Avandia may trigger/cause heart attack.
Colbert, Don - http://www.bennyhinn.org/television/watchprograms/breakthrough-health-part-1/?prg=08/26/2013
http://www.bennyhinn.org/television/watchprograms/breakthrough-health-part-2/?prg=08/27/2013 -
There is a diabetic drug that CAUSES pancreatic cancer.   
Double Danger of High Fructose Corn Syrup  May/June 2007 editorial - www.wellbeingjournal.com 
Especially when diet is low in copper, sucrose (50% glucose + 50% fructose) or fructose alone, especially high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) may cause fatal organ abnormalities, bowel disease, insulin problems, heart & liver hypertrophy in males, infertility in females, & inadequate formation of elastin & collagen.  READ food/beverage packaging labels. 
HGCS is often found in bacon, beer, bread, sodas, soups, pasta sauces & even "health" products like protein bars & "natural" sodas.
http://www.essentialdrugs.org/edrug/archive/200202/msg00030.php - "A group of diabetics & their physicians are calling for a public inquiry into the safety of insulin, saying that newer, genetically engineered products are sickening & perhaps even killing Canadians. 
They are also demanding that Health Canada ensure that an old-fashioned form of insulin, derived from animals, be made more widely available."
Excitotoxins - The Taste That Kills by Russel Blaylock
MD shares that the brain neurons can be stimulated to death by our consumption of excitoxins in food/beverages. - www.hacres.com
Fructose (granulated) sugar - http://www.charismanews.com/opinion/45441-could-what-s-in-your-cupboard-be-causing-rapid-liver-damage?utm_medium=MostPopularArticles_RightColBottom -
(Problem may arise mainly from GM foods rather than organic non-GM?)
Insulin & sulfonylurea drugs may double heart attack risk in type-2 diabetes. 
Type-2 diabetics may have high insulin blood levels as insulin is less effective. 
Insulin may thicken blood vessel inner lining & artery smooth muscles.
A fat cell protein hormone adiponectin may make insulin more effective. 
However, the more fat mass, the less adiponectin. 
Reduction of carbohydrates with regular exercise to burn off blood sugar & fat will reduce strokes & insulin needs.
Body muscles are a primary user of sugar.  The more muscle the more sugar utilization.
2nd Opinion
- Healing Report #6 Your Diabetes Management Health Manual Robert J Rowen MD  1-800-728-2288
Light Bulbs The Damaging Effects Energy Efficient Light Bulbs www.cbc.ca/montrealatsix
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2KGa4Ysxq0&feature=related -

Perfume - Could Your Perfume Be Giving You Diabetes? @ http://abcnews.go.com/health - 2012

Saccharin - https://vocal.media/feast/food-brands-owned-by-monsanto?fbclid=IwAR0sKNGt0PlYOdVFL9pRrHOQbZNvouFtoL1OoRz8cDtlR9IghQSNiVaJ5Xw

"Monsanto, an agrochemical company based in Missouri, is the largest producer of genetically engineered seed in the United States.
In 1901, they were originally founded as a chemical company that produced artificial substitutes for food & beverage products. The most infamous product being artificial sweetener saccharin.
Over time,
studies began to show that saccharin & other sweeteners revealed correlations to cancer & malignant tumors in animals.
Since then, Monsanto has steered away from artificial additives, but can’t seem to stay clean.

Annual protests are held against the agrochemical company to demonstrate the public’s displeasure with Monsanto’s practices... Protests voice a population against genetically modified organisms & against the dangerous pesticides Monsanto produces to kill of pests & insects." (+ animals & people).

Simply Raw: Reversing Diabetes in 30 Days - http://www.rawfor30days.com/index4.html
"Stevia...studies...suggest (that in excess) it might be carcinogenic or reduce fertility.
Stevia is a natural sweetener from the leaves of a plant in the daisy family. Its leaves are much sweeter than sugar & it has no calories.  Stevia is widely used in Japan & other countries as an alternative to sugar & artificial sweeteners.
In the U.S., stevia can't be used in foods, but it can be sold as a dietary supplement. Some manufacturers are working to get it approved for use in foods in the U.S." 2/6/2008 - http://www.naturaldatabase.com
Sugar Alcohol - http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/avoid-sugar-alcohol-for-better-gut-health/ edited
"Below is a table with the glycemic index (GI) of many common sugar alcohols and sweeteners on the market.
Note that a higher GI value correlates with a higher blood sugar spike when that particular sweetener is consumed.
The sweeteners in bold are sugar alcohols:"
Stevia 0, Erythritol 0, Mannitol 2, Lactitol 6, Xylitol 13, Sorbitol 9, Isomalt 9,
Agave 15-30. Brown Rice Syrup 25, Coconut Sugar/Coconut Nectar 30, Maltitol 36-53,
Raw Honey 35-58, Sucanat 43, Organic Sugar 47, Maple Syrup 54, Blackstrap Molasses 54, Evaporated Cane Juice 55, Raw Sugar (Turbinado) 65, Corn Syrup 75, White Sugar 80, High Fructose Corn Syrup 87, Glucose 100.

"The big problem with sugar alcohols (& gut health) is that they are, mostly, indigestible, why they are so low calorie in the 1st place.  Indigestibility is not necessarily a problem when the source is a whole food...
When the indigestible source is a manufactured, highly refined, processed food (condiment/ingredient) like erythritol, sorbitol, mannitol or xylitol, that the body would not naturally encounter...
it opens the door to creating or contributing to gut imbalance...
The body’s inability to effectively break down sugar alcohols causes them to arrive for the most part intact when they reach the intestines.
At that point, a process called 'passive diffusion' takes place whereby the sugar alcohol that was consumed draws water into the bowels.  This results in only partial breakdown.
The unmetabolized portion begins to ROT, creating the perfect environment for undesirable bacteria & pathogens to feed, thrive & grow.
An imbalanced intestinal environment where pathogens & other undesirable microbes have a favorable place to exist is exactly the set of conditions that eventually compromise the gut lining, damage the critical enterocytes that line the gut wall, & promote the development of autoimmune disease symptoms."
Sugar - http://www.karlloren.com/Diabetes/p82.htm
Sugar - Pure, White and Deadly by John Yudkin
Yudkin, John
http://www.juiceladycherie.com/Juice/sweet-seductive-and-deadly/June @ The Telegraph 3/20/2014 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/dietandfitness/10634081/John-Yudkin-the-man-who-tried-to-warn-us-about-sugar.html
"Rodents, chickens, rabbits, pigs & students fed sugar & carbohydrates invariably showed raised blood levels of triglycerides (a fat), which was then, as now, considered a risk factor for heart disease, he said.
Sugar also raised insulin levels, linking it directly to type 2 diabetes…When devising their low-fat products, manufacturers had needed a fat substitute to stop food from tasting like cardboard, so they had jumped for sugar.
The new 'healthy' foods were low-fat but had sugar by the spoonful & Yudkin’s findings threatened to disrupt a very profitable business…
Researchers found fructose, 1 of the 2 main carbohydrates in refined sugar, is primarily metabolized by the liver.
While glucose (found in starchy food like bread & potatoes) is metabolized by all cells.
This means consuming excessive fructose extra strain on the liver which then converts fructose to fat.
This induces a condition known as insulin resistance, or metabolic syndrome, which doctors now generally acknowledge to be the major risk factor for heart disease, diabetes & obesity, as well as a possible factor for many cancers…
There’s 'invisible' sugar in everything from processed food & orange juice to coleslaw & yogurt."
10/2-8/2006 www.theepochtimes.com  Health editorial reveals that in addition to aspartame (Equal or NutraSweet) & saccharin (Sweet 'N Low), sucralose (Splenda) is dangerous.*  Aspartame can create brain tumors in rats. 
Sucralose can shrink thymus glands (the biological seat of immunity) + produce inflammation in rodents.
Any carbohydrate combined with chlorine can create sucralose
chemically resembles pesticide DDT, found to cause organ, genetic, & reproductive damage.
Walker, Norman W (1995)  Tune Your Mind and Body - Become Younger  Chapter 7 Sugar, Candy, etc "Sugar...ferments...causing the formation of acetic acid, carbonic acid & alcohol." 
Safe sugar is that which has not been heated such as found in RAW fruits & RAW honey (predigested by the bees).

Unique Research

Cinnamon - http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=newtip&dbid=31 - Scientifically speaking, there is only one true cinnamon, which is most commonly called "Ceylon cinnamon," & comes from the plant Cinnamomum zeylanicum. An alternative scientific name for Ceylon cinnamon is Cinnamomum verum, which simply translates as "true cinnamon."  The term "cassia" never refers to Ceylon cinnamon but rather to other species of cinnamon, including Cinnamomum cassia (alternatively called Cinnamomum aromaticaum) & Cinnamomum burmannii.
While most simply referred to as "cassia," you'll often find Cinnamomum aromaticaum being referred to as "Chinese cinnamon" or "Saigon cinnamon." You'll find Cinnamomum burmannii being called "Java cinnamon" or "Padang cassia." 
Ceylon cinnamon is typically more expensive than any of the cassia versions. 
Is also the cinnamon more closely associated with potential health benefits involving blood sugar regulation.
However, since both forms belong not only to the same family of plants (Lauraceae, the laurel family) but also to the same genus (Cinnamomum).  They share many characteristics. 
In some studies on rats & mice, the cassia cinnamons have shown blood sugar regulating ability as well. 
What true cinnamon & cassia do not have in common is their coumarin content.
Coumarins are naturally occurring plant components that can be quite toxic in large amounts.
These toxicities tend to affect the liver & nervous system most directly. While the level of naturally occurring coumarins in Ceylon cinnamon appears to be very small & lower than the amount that could cause health risks, the level of naturally occurring coumarins in the cassia cinnamons appears to be higher. (Remember CC when shopping.)
From Cocaine Through High Fructose Corn Syrup, the Story of Coke -
Mark Pendergrast's For God, Country & Coca-Cola -
6/12/2013 - MP: Coca-Cola, invented in 1886, was a patent medicine that treated headaches, hangovers, a mythical
disease called neurasthenia, & other ailments. It had a small quantity of cocaine & quite a bit of caffeine in it.
At 1st it was sold primarily with medicinal claims, but by 1895 many consumers, especially women, were writing to the company to complain that they liked the drink but didn’t want to have to be sick to take it...
When the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898, the U. S. government taxed medicines but not soft drinks.
They taxed Coca-Cola as a patent medicine, but the company sued, claiming it was just a soft drink, & won.
That was another reason they dropped medicinal advertising.
MR: I...learn in your book that patent medicines were the reason the magazine industry developed...
Ironically, it was the magazines that later investigated & exposed patent medicines.
Martha Rosenberg is author of the award winning expose, Born with a Junk Food Deficiency
GRAS - https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/modern-foods/sugar-free-blues-everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-artificial-sweeteners/#stevia "In the late 1970s or early ‘80s. Although FDA had NOT ruled on stevia 1 way or another at that time, a provision in federal law allows food industry to make a self-determination of Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) status for items with a long history of “common use in food” prior to 1958."
5/12/2005 Type 1 diabetes is a disease where immune system attacks pancreas & wipes out hormone insulin that helps utilize sugar.  In some the insulin itself may trigger T-lymphocyte white blood cells to attack insulin.  www.wsj.com
Harvested & transplanted pancreas islets with lots of duct cells may be a solution to diabetes. 12/2005 www.sciam.com 
American Food & Drug Administration approved 1st ever inhaled insulin.
Exubera (inhaled human insulin), an inhaled powder form of recombinant human insulin (rDNA) for the treatment...Full Story
Common diabetes drug promotes development of brain stem cells 7/10/2012