TICKS

 

Tick Borne Diseases

 
 

Mosquito Borne Diseases

 
 

(Virus) Vectorborne Diseases

 
Bourbon Virus -
http://dgalerts.docguide.com/kansas-usa-bourbon-virus-fatal-1st-report-vectorborne?overlay=2&nl_ref=newsletter&pk_campaign=newsletter 12/29/2014
Powassan (POW) virus - http://www.maine.gov/
dhhs/mecdc/infectious-disease/epi/vector-borne/powassan/index.shtml -
"Powassan (POW) virus is a flavi-virus and currently the only well documented tick-borne transmitted arbo-virus occurring in the United States and Canada. Powassan encephalitis is a serious illness caused by the Powassan virus. This virus was 1st recognized in the small town of Powassan, Ontario in 1958."
 
 

Cats

 
http://www.catparasite.com/
There are 2 Types of Parasites & Worms:  Internal & External
 
(a)
Internal & Feline Intestinal Parasites & Worms = Tapeworms,
Roundworms,  Hookworms, Heartworms, Flukes, Protozoan, Giardia
(b) External Feline Parasites & Worms =
Fleas, Ticks, Ear Mites, Lice, Ringworm (Ringworm is not actually a worm. 
Ringworm is a contagious fungal infection that lives on protein found in hair, skin and nails.)
 

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
(tick-borne typhus fever)

 
 
 

Tick
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

 
Lyme Disease - http://www.kroegerherb.com/index.php/learn/article/126
"Some herbs that may help for Lyme disease and the symptoms that arise from it have various properties. Several herbs that have shown antibacterial qualities in research are yerba santa, goldenrod, garlic, echinacea, astragalus, black walnut, burdock, schizandra and gentian. Horseradish contains hydrogen peroxidase which has demonstrated antibacterial and antioxidant properties and has shown effectiveness against tick-born encephalitis virus. Garlic, gentian and black walnut are also traditionally known as parasiticides. An herbalist reported benefits for her Lyme disease from tobacco leaf which has shown larvicidal and pesticidal activity in scientific studies. 
Traditional herbalists draw on "blood cleansing" or detoxifying herbs in parasitic infections, including such favorites as nettles, goldenrod, burdock, yellow dock, red clover, milk thistle, sarsaparilla, dandelion, kelp and alfalfa. These are used in folk herbalism in resolving rashes, arthritic complaints and lymph congestion. Yerba santa is known to folk herbalists as an excellent herb for coughs, sore throats, fevers, chills and colds that may accompany the onset of Lyme disease. Ginger has been well studied as an anti-inflammatory for arthritis and migraines and as a remedy for nausea. It has been shown to have antibacterial effects and pro-biotic properties in supporting healthy intestinal bacterial population, a plus in countering the side effects of antibiotics."
For Pets - http://www.mdjunction.com/forums/lyme-disease-support-forums/
tips/3668911-tick-bite-prevention-by-wild-condor/limitstart/10 -
Homemade remedy uses 4 ingredients that are recognized as insect repellents
- brief description of each:
EUCALYPTUS OIL -
Eucalyptus (eucalyptus globulus, eucalyptus citriodoro) is a known natural bug and insect repellent. Eucalytpus oil is an effective way to get rid of fleas in your home. It comes from the eucalyptus tree seeds and produces a strong scent that fleas and other insects find unbearable.   Studies have shown that it can be more effective than DEET. An additional benefit of this essential oil is that it is an antiseptic so can sooth the skin following insect bites.  (Please note this ingredient should be omitted if applying to cats as they are sensitive to many essential oils. Eucalyptus oil should not be ingested by petsDo not allow your pet to chew on toys, collars or bedding that is treated directly with the oil).
YARROW POWDER -
Yarrow is a healing herb which can be used to treat wounds due to it’s anti-inflammatory properties and used to be a vital herb used in wartime. It has also been shown to have pain relieving properties and is anti-microbial. Pets that suffer from a flea infestation will often go on to get infected bites. Powdered yarrow can help heal and sooth the irritated skin helping to stop the itching/scratching vicious circle.
NEEM POWDER
- Neem is another herb which has been used for centuries due to it’s antiseptic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral, and blood-purifying properties. It can be used on pets in oil or powder form as a herbal insect repellent, repelling fleas, ticks, lice, mites, ants and mosquitoes (i) . It actually inhibits the metamorphosis of the larvae thus preventing the rapid breeding of these bugs. It is also moisturizing so it helps heal any dry skin or scaling which would otherwise occur from the skin irritation. 
FOOD GRADE DIATOM FLOUR -
This is also known as Diatomaceous Earth (DE) and is a naturally occurring, soft, siliceous sedimentary rock consisting of fossilized remains of diatoms, a type of hard-shelled algae, that is easily crumbled into a fine white to off-white powder.  DE particles are so small so it just feels like a fine baby powder to humans and pets. It is a simply a mineral silica.  Food grade fresh water DE is harmless to humans and pets because it is not a poison – the bugs do not ingest it. DE is chrystaline in structure. It works by scratching the bodies of the insects and causing them to dehydrate. Because Diatomaceous Earth can by very drying, Neem counteracts the dryness and helps protect your pet from excess dry skin.  This food grade DE can be purchased at some plant nurseries BUT be sure and specify that you want food grade (not crystallized or filter grade).  DE products are registered for use against bed bugs, cockroaches, crickets, fleas, ticks, spiders, and many other pests
RECIPE
20 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil (remember to omit this for cats)
Half a cup of Yarrow Powder
Half a cup of Neem Powder
1 cup of Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth
INSTRUCTIONS - Simply mix all of the above together in a jar with a shaker lid.   Sprinkle on to your pet along the spine whilst brushing the fur in the opposite direction to ensure the powder makes contact with the skin. Also rub it onto their belly, legs and tail always ensuring that it gets to the skin. It can help to rub in with a powder puff or cotton wool pad. Take care to avoid any contact with their eyes and nose.  When this is being applied as a preventative measure once a month
Tick Repellants - Soybean oil may work as (equally) well as a low concentration of DEET.  Oil of lemon eucalyptus may be an effective alternative.  Products containing 40% lemon eucalyptus seem to work about as well as products containing 20% to 40% DEET.  Be cautious regarding products containing citronella oil, as they only work for about 20 minutes.  Maybe your pets would appreciate your testing these oils on them.
 
Wormwood - https://www.masterplanlandscapedesignpa.com/blog/plants-that-help-control-ticks/
 
Yarrow - http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/yarrow-insect-repelling-herb-stronger-than-deet/ -
Use caution on areas “constructed on a swamp”…[Consider planting wild yarrow in your swampy/wooded areas. 
In colder climates, consider planting as a summer annual, as that is when an insect deterrent is needed.]
"Herbalist extraordinaire Susun Weed of the
Wise Woman Herbal series of books says that the United States Army studied yarrow and found a tincture of this herb outperforms DEET in repelling ticks and mosquitoes.
The one drawback is that it did not remain effective as long, so it needs to be reapplied often.  One thing is for sure: avoiding the use of DEET containing insect repellents on yourself and your children no matter what is a wise parenting decision.  This stuff is so highly toxic that it isn’t worth it to ever use it in my opinion. It has been known to cause seizures in young children even at low potency.  In addition, a review of the scientific literature turns up 17 cases of DEET-induced toxic encephalopathy in children (1)Ms. Weed suggests spraying yourself with yarrow tincture every 20-30 minutes if the insects are heavy. If not, every couple of hours should be sufficient…
Fresh yarrow (
Achillea millefolium) is not that hard as it is a common plant that grows wild all around the world in temperate regions. It has lovely, long lasting flowers that may be white, yellow, red, or pink. Susun Weed suggests the white or pink yarrow varieties as the best ones to tincture. She recommends picking the flowers, flower buds, seeds, stalk, and leaves from the top third of the plant."
http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/natural-effective-bed-bug-removal-methods 10/2015 - The DIY method for bed bug removal should ideally involve multiple approaches used at the same time as bed bugs are notoriously difficult to eradicate.
 1st, try
BontaiGard, a product that contains a special type of fungus (Beauvaria bassiana) which kills bed bugs (1).
This fungus grows naturally in soils throughout the world and acts as a parasite to bed bugs eventually killing them.
This is NOT an overnight solution but effectively works over time. Note that this fungus is safe for people
although those with mold allergies should consult with their practitioner before using.  (Perhaps best for damp basements or garages.)
Next, try
CimeXa, a nontoxic insecticide dust made of engineered silica powder which is more effective than diatomaceous earth.  The exoskeleton of the bed buds is scratched by the dust when they crawl over it, which causes them to quickly dehydrate and die.  CimeXa will remain viable for up to 10 years as long as the conditions are not damp and it is left undisturbed (perhaps under beds).
How to Trap Bed Bugs - Finally, you can use the trapping method.
Bed bugs locate their human hosts via attraction to carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted during exhalation.
This can be used to trap them for easy elimination. There are two ways to accomplish this.
1st, you can make homemade CO2 traps for less than $20 (see
video or written instructions for how to make using a yeast ferment).
2nd method is perhaps a little easier. Just buy a small hunk of dry ice, which is frozen carbon dioxide that emits the gaseous form as it melts.
Find companies that make dry ice in your area and most will be happy to sell you a chunk for a reasonable price.
By the way, using dry ice to get rid of ticks in your home works too as ticks are also attracted to CO2.
Place the dry ice in a glass bowl that has a paper towel or cloth wrapped around it for the bed bugs to easily climb up on.
Slide the bowl under the bed or whereever you suspect the bed bugs are hiding.
The bed bugs will climb up the side of the bowl on the fabric, fall into the bowl and be unable to escape.
Repeat process as necessary until all bed bugs have been removed.
Note that one pound of dry ice will last for about 5-8 hours at room temperature.
If you absolutely cannot find any company in your area that makes dry ice, you can buy a machine to make it (this is one of the cheapest).  While a bit pricey, it’s certainly less expensive than calling in the professionals for 2-3 treatments.
(This might be a good machine and annual routine for cleaning company or for hotel staff.
2nd when using dry ice one needs to honor all precautions, so as NOT to freeze fingers, etc.)
Yarrow in home gardens to ward off ticks - http://pinenut.com/blog/blog1.php?title=yarrow-harvest-on-a-family-wild-crops-farm-in-the-missouri-ozarks&more=1&c=1&tb=1&pb=1
Video of how to recognize wild white yarrow - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gg5iItzfqvI

Yarrow - http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Rostas2/publication/256101129_Foraging_
strategies_of_parasitoids_in_complex_chemical_environments/links/543ae3080cf204cab1daf3d4.pdf - "The idea of plant species diversity causing disorientation in insects by means of enhanced odour diversity resulted in various hypotheses about possible mechanisms (reviewed by Finch & Collier 2000 ). In the case of parasitoids, non-host plants and diverse odorous surroundings can have different effects on their orientation behaviour ( Schröder & Hilker 2008, Randlkofer et al . 2010b ). So far, only a few laboratory studies have considered the effects of non-host plants on a parasitoid’s discrimination ability. Parasitoids can be distracted by non-host plant odours rendering the target odour less detectable. This was shown in an agricultural system for the parasitoid Dentichasmias busseolae Heinrich (Diptera: Tachinidae), which is attracted to uninfested sorghum and maize and even more to herbivore-damaged plants. If the attractive plants are combined with a deterrent odour source (molasses grass) the parasitoid’s response is weakened and the flies are only attracted to the infested host plants ( Gohole et al . 2003b ). Non-host plant odours can also completely mask the target odour, as shown for the specialist egg parasitoid Oomyzus galerucivorus Hedqvist (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) occurring in calcareous grasslands. The wasps are attracted by the host plant, yarrow ( Achillea millefolium L., Asteraceae) but fail to respond when yarrow is present in combination with the non-host plant, thyme ( Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae) ( Randlkofer et al . 2007 )."

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) - 6/6/2015 - https://www.naturalnews.com/049979_yarrow_herb_DEET_insect_repellent.html - "The standard chemical ingredient in many conventional bug sprays is DEET, a neurotoxic chemical that, although it seems to work against annoying critters, is also working against you and your family's health. But you have a friend in (wild) yarrow herb, which just so happens to work better than DEET at repelling insects without causing harmful side effects (and help fend off) mosquitoes, horse flies, ticks."  (Best to plant near warter to protect roots during dry spells.  Will spread via own seeds.)

 

Science

 
chrysanthemum flower -
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/tick-repellent-permethrin-clothing-really-works-study/?ftag=CNM-00-10aac3a
 
 page 29 from Journal of the Society for In Vitro Biology - Defense -
"Tick borne pathogens live in 2 different, yet overlapping worlds. The borellia species, Borrelia burgdorferi, causes Lyme disease and the rickettsial Ehrlichia and Anapksma species cause ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis respectively. These pathogens of humans and domestic animals possess physiological and pathogenic mechanisms that enable them to infect and replicate in 2 quite divergent hosts, the mammal and the vector tick. Vertebrate and invertebrate in vitro systems have been developed to study replication and pathogenic mechanisms of these pathogens...Changes...are germane to the success of the pathogen and to our development of diagnostic protocols and vaccines for the prevention of tick borne diseases."
 
PPT  
 

Parasitologysuperior photos -

 

Tick Warnings

 
anaplasmosis - http://dgalerts.docguide.com/maine-usa-anaplasmosis-increased-incidence-update?overlay=2&nl_ref=newsletter&pk_campaign=newsletter
10/13/2014 - "Tick-borne diseases continue to climb in Maine, particularly anaplasmosis; the state has seen 39 more cases [of anaplasmosis] this year as of [30 Sep 2014] than in all of 2013, according to the Maine CDC. Health officials say there have been 133 cases of [this] bacterial disease in the 1st 9 months of 2014, while 94 cases were reported in all of 2013.  Other tick-borne diseases are also on the rise in Maine. The number of cases of the parasitic disease, babesiosis (malaria-like Nantucket fever), is now at 33 cases and the number of Lyme disease infections is near 1000 and is expected to rise further as Lyme reporting is passive and may require a couple of months to get all cases counted."
 
Cipro - DANGER - http://www.ciproispoison.com/1_2_My-Story.html -
Do not use this black box med as an antibiotic.  Request a drug with NO black-box-warning.
 
http://dgalerts.docguide.com/kansas-usa-bourbon-virus-fatal-1st-report-vectorborne?overlay=2&nl_ref=newsletter&pk_campaign=newsletter 12/29/2014
 

Lone Star ticks carry a sugar called alpha-gal, which is also found in red meat (also venison, rabbit and some dairy products), but not in people. Normally, alpha-gal in meat poses no problems for people. But when a Lone Star tick bites a person, it transfers alpha-gal into the bloodstream" (creating anti-bodies to red meat sugar).  http://www.webmd.com/allergies/news/20140813/tick-bites-red-meat-allergy -  
"A (Lone Star tick, named for Texas) tick bite triggers an immune system response, and in that high-alert state, the body perceives the sugar the tick transmitted to the victim's bloodstream and skin as a foreign substance, and makes antibodies to it. That sets the stage for an allergic reaction the next time the person eats red meat and encounters the sugar."
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/a-tick-bite-can-make-you-allergic-to-red-meat/
[Lord, we decree and declare a cancellation and reversal of any such curse regarding the body of Christ on earth,  in Jesus’ name.J